In September 1990, at the end of the Cold War period, the
U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)and the
Ministry of Atomic Energy for the Russian Federation (MINATOM)
Memorandum of Cooperation (MOC) in the Areas of Environmental Restoration and Waste Management
under the umbrella of
the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy (PUAE) Agreement of 1972
between the U.S. and Russian governments. This memorandum forms the basis for cooperation
between the United States and Russia in these areas. Its signing marked the beginning
of a highly successful cooperative technology development program that is now in its tenth year.
In November 1990, the DOE and MINATOM established a Joint Coordinating Committee for
Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (JCCEM). Its principal purpose is
to oversee and manage the activities conducted under the Memorandum of Cooperation.
Collaborative projects, which involve several hundred Russian scientists from Russian
academic and governmental laboratories and dozens of scientists from U.S. National
Laboratories, cover a wide spectrum of nuclear waste management and disposition.
More than a dozen workshops and demonstrations on newly developed methods and technologies
are conducted annually under JCCEM auspices both in Russia and the United States.
JCCEM responsibilities include review of progress and plans for activities conducted
under the Memorandum of Cooperation, coordination and approval of future cooperative
activities with respect to technical merit and level of effort, providing improved
access to technical information and commercial opportunities in Russia, selection of
cost-saving technologies, and ensuring continued dialogue and cooperation between the
participants. Through JCCEM elite technical experts from Russia and the
United States conduct an aggressive program of applied research, development, demonstration,
testing, and evaluation of innovative technologies for deployment in environmental clean-up activities.